What is Perennial Gardening:
Perennial gardening is when someone decides to use primarily perennial plants.
With Perennial gardening you can grow perennials in any spot in the garden. Most perennials like loamy soil, with even moisture and full sun. There's also perennials for shade areas in the garden. There's a perennial plant and flower for almost every garden and any cultural condition a garden has to offer.
Our Resident Rabbit loves to eat Perennials. :)
What is a Perennial plant:
Perennial plant: Is a plant that flowers and sets seeds for more than one year.
Some plants are short-lived Perennials and only live 3-5 years and others can live for 100 years or more. Columbine and Coreopsis are short lived, but they produce tons of seeds.
Peonies are long-lived perennials.
Tender Perennials I usually don't bother with, because in Zone6 it's a struggle to have tender perennial make it during our cold winters. Tender Perennials includes Calla Lilies, Fuchsia, Petunias and Easter Trumpet Lilies. Tender Perennials in mild winters will come back in the spring, but from my experience they don't make it more than two years. The first bad winter they will be gone. So I treat tender perennials as annuals and collect seeds for the next year.
Hardy Perennials that's the ones I invest in.
I can split them and share my abundance with friends. Hardy Perennials do very in the amount of cold they can tolerate. Check your labels for the hardiness zone before buying it.
Herbaceous Perennials are the plants that after they are hit by the first heavy frost, they die to the ground. The Herbaceous perennials that look's the worst in my yard are Hostas. :)
Woody Perennials are perennial plants that don't die down to the ground every year like; fruit trees, soft fruit bushes, flower bushes, deciduous and evergreen trees.
Perennial Garden - Vegetables:
I had to think on this one. In Zone6.
I have Onions, Tomatoes and Leeks.
Perennial Garden - Fruits:
I have Pear and Apple fruit trees, Raspberries, Blackberries, Red and Black Currants, Grapes and Strawberries.
Perennial Garden - Herbs:
I don't grow that many herbs, but I have;
Sorrel, onion Chives, garlic Chives, Oregano, Thyme, Garlic, Lemon Balm and Sage.
Perennial Garden - perennial flowers that bloom all summer:
The only ones that I can think of are; Blackeyed Susans, Coneflowers, Marigolds and Cosmos.
Cosmos and Marigolds are an annual for me, but it self-seeds.
My other perennials bloom at different times between Spring and Fall.
How to use Perennial Plants in the garden:
Perennials plants and flowers are the backbone of my garden.
Easy to progate, hardy, grows almost anywhere and needs very little attention. I usually plant them at the back of my flowerbeds.
I have a separate bed just for perennial vegetables as well.