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Balcony Gardening Tips for Seniors:

With so many baby-boomers downsizing, balcony and roof-top gardeners are becoming more popular than ever for a good reason. It's a chance to create a gardening oasis for food and relaxation, right at your doorstep.
Almost any vegetable or flower can be grown in containers, as long as enough root space is provided for roots to grow.
Embracing the idea of nurturing plants in the limited space available is not only an opportunity to bring the outdoors closer, but also a sense of accomplishment.

Now comes the planning: :)
What balcony gardening ideas are you thinking of?

Herb and Medicinal Garden?

You can create a small herb garden filled with culinary delights and medicinal herbs. You can enjoy the convenience of fresh herbs for cooking and brewing fresh herbal teas.

Zen and Relaxation Garden?

Design a peaceful retreat with Zen-inspired elements like a small water fountain, sand garden, and low maintenance soothing plants. This tranquil space allows gardeners to unwind and find inner peace.

Vegetable and Flower Garden?

Use flowers and herbs for controlling vegetable pests. Salads can't get any fresher. (smile)

Designing a Flower Paradise?

That would be such a special place to sit and start one's day.

Balcony Container gardening:

Growing up - secure trellis and shelves.
Growing at waist level - raised containers.
Hanging baskets - are so pretty - but I am always afraid of them coming off on a windy day and hurt someone below. So, for that reason I would have all my containers below the balcony railing.

Container Gardening Tips:

Assessing Sunlight and Shade:

Before selecting plants for your balcony garden, observe the amount of sunlight and shade the space receives throughout the day.
This will help you choose plants that thrive in your specific conditions.

What containers to use?

I would use whatever you can afford or have at the moment.
Bigger pots all within the same harmonizing colour palette will make the space look less cluttered. The important step is to get started and leave room for a place to sit. :)

Key to success in Container Gardens:

Keys to success:

The keys to successful container vegetable gardens are a good soil mix, adequate soil moisture and a steady nutrient supply.


The soil should be light and airy. Which is good, because all of that soil has to carried to your balcony. Also the soil you choose has to be capable of holding moisture and nutrients and be quick to drain. The common potting mixtures contains sand, I prefer using vermiculite or perlite.

Common soil mixture:

1 part potting soil
1 part of compost
1 part of sharp sand (substitute with vermiculite or perlite )
With a little bonemeal
Or just buy a bag of potting soil, some potting soil comes with slow release fertilizer already mixed in it.


Adequate soil moisture is critical. Too much or too little water will kill your plants.
Generally you will need to water all container plants daily in hot weather, to keep roots cool and moist.


Plants in containers need more frequent feeding than those grown in the ground. Fish emulsion, seaweed and worm casting teas are easy to use and is so good for container gardens. Fertilizing every two weeks, is good enough for me. I also have a small garbage can filled with water and fertilizer ready to go by my plants.

Selecting Suitable Plants:

Drought-resistant plants are ideal for sunny balconies, while shade-loving plants are suitable for those with limited sunlight exposure.
Many urban balconies face limited sunlight, making plant selection a critical consideration. Opt for shade-tolerant plants like ferns, pansies, impatiens, geraniums, coleus, fuchsias, hostas, lungwort or grow herbs and vegetables that can thrive with minimal sunlight.

Watering and Soil Tips:

Using well-draining soil with adequate nutrients is essential for plant growth. Now, I only water containers when the top soil is dry. I over water and I have killed many.
For soil I buy special soil just for containers. The right fresh soil every year will make such a difference on your plant growth. You can also remove just the top 2" or 3" of last year's soil and replace with fresh soil. The old soil can be used as fillers at the bottom of larger pots.
As for watering; I like to hand water, but some people like drip irrigation.

Fertilizing and Pest Control:

Fertilize your plants regularly to ensure they receive essential nutrients. I like using a slow release fertilizer or every couple of weeks I give it a drink of liquid-feed and water the leaves as well.


Regular pruning promotes plant growth and keeps your balcony garden looking tidy.

Gardening as a Social Activity:

Balcony gardening can be a social activity, as you can join local gardening communities or online forums to share experiences, seek advice with fellow gardening enthusiasts.


Q:   Can I start a balcony garden if I have never gardened before?
A:   Absolutely! Just plant what you like. If it dies, learn from it and go out and buy more. :)

Q:   Are there any herbs that require minimal maintenance?
A:  Yes, herbs like rosemary, parsley, thyme, oregano and sage are known for their hardiness and require minimal care.

Q:   Can I grow vegetables on my balcony?
A:   Yes, consider compact varieties like cherry tomatoes, lettuce, radishes, eggplant, onions, celery, cucumbers and peppers that do well in confined spaces. Vegetables can also be interplanted with flowering annuals.

Q:   Can I compost on my balcony?
A:   Worm bin would be easy to use up some of the kitchen scraps without odours. Container plants will love the worm-tea as well as the castings.

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